The first double taxation agreement between the Netherlands and the United Kingdom was signed in 1980 and was amended soon after, in 1983. The agreement contained provisions about the avoidance of double taxation of the income and capital gains, while the amendment introduced in 1983 contained provisions about the prevention of fiscal evasion. In 2008, the Netherlands renewed its double taxation treaty with the United Kingdom. The new double taxation agreement was enforced at the beginning of 2011.
The Netherlands-UK double taxation agreement covers the income and the capital gains taxes imposed on behalf of one of the contracting states in the other. The taxes covered refer to the total income and capital gains or on elements constituting these taxes. In the Netherlands, the double taxation treaty covers the following taxes:
In the United Kingdom, the double taxation agreement covers the following taxes:
The agreement also applies to other similar taxes levied in the Netherlands and in the UK.
The UK-Netherlands double taxation agreement applies to all types of incomes, including the income derived from movable and immovable property. The income derived from the alienation of immovable property may be taxed in the other state, no matter where it is situated, provided that a tax credit is granted in the recipient’s country of residence.
UK and Dutch companies will also benefit from the avoidance of double taxation, in case they own immovable property. With respect to business profits, the profits of a Dutch or UK company will be taxed only in the company’s resident country, provided that the company does not have a permanent establishment in the other country. Subsidiaries of Dutch companies located in the UK will be taxed in the United Kingdom. Dividends are taxed as it follows:
Dividends are exempt from taxation if the recipient holds at least 10% of the voting power in the company paying them.
For more information about the taxes covered by the double taxation agreement with the UK, you may contact our Dutch agents.