How to open a business in the Netherlands according to your origin state
There are different regulations related to starting a business in the Netherlands by citizens from EU, European Economic Area (EEA) and Switzerland and for non-EU citizens. The businessmen from EU, EEA and Switzerland have the same rights as the Dutch ones and they are not required to obtain a residence permit or a work permit. This rule apply for citizens from: Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Denmark, Germany, Estonia, Finland, France, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Norway, Malta, Austria, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Spain, the Czech Republic, the United Kingdom, Sweden and Switzerland. The citizens of these states will receive a personal registration number (BSN) after their registration with the local municipality. BSN is their social security and tax number for the Netherlands.
The non-EU citizens (except EEA and Swiss ones) who are interested in starting a business in the Netherlands
will need to observe the local immigrations laws and they are required to obtain a residence and a work permit. The citizens from America and Japan will follow a less strict procedure related to the type of business they are allowed to open in the Netherlands.
The steps for company formation in the Netherlands
Providing all the necessary information to our company for starting a business in the Netherlands:
- full information on the shareholders and directors of the future Dutch company
- passport copies of shareholders (if natural persons), directors, and UBO's (Ultimate Beneficial Owners) if applicable
- in the case of foreign companies, an extract from the Trade Register in the home country is necessary;
- required social capital, which in the case of the Dutch BV is 1 euro.
Visit a Dutch Public Notary to sign company incorporation documents
or sign the documents abroad and send them in original to our company's address in Amsterdam
. In the latter case, these documents will be supplied by our office and will have to be properly legalized. Nevertheless, in this case, your visit to Holland will not be necessary.
Before the company registration process is started, the applicant must verify the uniqueness of the trade name. Then, the name can be reserved, and the investor will receive a certificate for that name. After that, he must open a bank account
and deposit the minimum capital share. Next step is the notarization of the company’s deed of incorporation, signed and drafted by a notary.
The documents of the new firm will be submitted to the Chamber of Commerce which will provide a registration number in just a few hours if the acts are delivered in person. This procedure may last a week if the documents are sent by post. The announcement of incorporation is made in the Netherlands Official Gazette (Staatscourant) and the process will be performed by the Chamber.
A tax number must be obtained, so the investors must submit a registration form at the local tax authorities. A separate registration form for income tax
must be delivered. The necessary forms are obtained at the local tax authorities or on official websites and must contain the company's and member's information.
After you registered the firm in the Netherlands
, the owner should hire an accountant
for assistance with the taxes, audit and financial consultancy.
Company formation costs in the Netherlands
the company incorporation fee imposed by the Companies Register in the Netherlands is of approximately 50 EUR;
the virtual office cost is of approximately 75 EUR per month and it depends on the services requested by the client;
the share capital: there is no minimum amount of money required to be deposited at the registration of the company, therefore the amount must be calculated by the businessperson;
the company formation cost if you decide to work with our Dutch specialists starts at around 1,500 EUR in order for you to have a fully operational business;
the accounting services fees - you can benefit from our accounting services starting with a monthly fee of approximately 90 EUR.
Dutch company formation timeline
The timeline of the company registration procedure of a company in the Netherlands can be divided into:
- the online procedure of choosing and reserving a company which takes a few hours to complete;
- one day for the drafting and notarization of the company’s incorporation documents;
- registering the company with the Dutch Companies Registrar and obtaining the tax identification number will take another day;
- the registration with the tax authorities and for social security purposes will be completed in another day.
The future business owners must also consider the opening of the bank account which can take a few days and finding the premises for the company which will also be the business’ legal address. This can take a little longer, however, our company formation representatives in the Netherlands
can guide them in choosing the right option and can also help to open a foundation - STAK in the Netherlands
Taxation of companies in the Netherlands
Once registered for taxation, the Dutch company will be taxed based on the profits it makes at a global level if it is a tax resident in this country.
Investors who open a company in Netherlands will need to comply with corporate taxation based on residence, applicable to all companies. In principle, a company that is a resident has its place of management in the country and it is taxed on its worldwide income. Other companies, non-resident ones, are only taxed on their Dutch-sourced income. Some exceptions to this rule can apply in case of the income from shareholdings, permanent establishments in several other cases. Branches in the Netherlands are generally exempt from the withholding tax on profit remittances to their foreign companies.
The corporate income tax is levied on all of the profits made from the business, such as trading income, foreign-sourced income, passive income as well as capital gains. Most of the costs related to the business are deductible. The corporate income tax rate in the Netherlands in 2019 is 19% on the first 200,000 euros of taxable profits and 25% on those that exceed this amount. The reduction (down to 19% from 20%) is planned to continue in 2020 and in 2021.
The tax year in the Netherlands is in most cases the same as the calendar year. Investors who start a company in the Netherlands may use an alternative year if specified in the company’s Articles of Association. In the year of incorporation, the company is allowed to have shorter or longer periods, as opposed to the standard 12-month tax year.
As far as financial statements are required, companies are asked to file a provisional assessment within the first month of the financial year. This is based on the prior two years. The corporate income tax return is filed on an annual basis, is five months at most from the end of the fiscal year. All filings are made electronically and companies are also asked to accompany these with additional documents that help calculate the taxable profits (the balance sheet, the profits and loss account, and other details, as requested). Late filing or failure to file the returns on the due date results in administrative penalties. Criminal penalties can be imposed in those cases in which fraud or gross negligence is proven.
The taxes that apply after opening a company in the Netherlands, other than the corporate income tax and the withholding tax on dividends, interest, and royalties are:
- - the payroll tax: the company withholds the tax paid on the salaries of the employees.
- - the real property tax: varies according to the municipality; companies can deduct this tax for corporate income tax purposes;
- - social security: both the employer and the employee are expected to pay this tax.
- - transfer tax: a 6% real estate transfer tax applies upon the purchase or property.
- - value-added tax: VAT in Netherlands has a standard rate of 21% and a reduced 9% rate applies to certain types of goods and services.
Tax incentives for those who open a business in the Netherlands
The Netherlands is an attractive location to open a business also because of the incentives available to companies, most importantly in research and development. The Innovation Box is a regime that allows the taxpayer to choose a lower tax rate on taxable profits derived from intangible assets. The regime is subject to certain criterion and it applies in general to profits derived from innovative activities, thus the name.
Investors who open a company in the Netherlands that activates in the research and development sector can reduce the costs associated with these specific types of activities and they can use a scheme that allows them to minimize the payroll tax and the national insurance contributions that are to be remitted. In order to benefit from the R&D reductions, applicants must file an online application and then fill in the R&D statement.
Companies that make an investment in new energy-efficient assets can benefit from an additional deduction when the investment exceeds 2,500 euros and the said investment meets certain energy requirements. A similar reduction can also apply to investments made in assets that help improve the environment.
How easy is it to hire personnel in Netherlands?
The process of hiring employees starts by checking the nationality of the candidates. If they are not Dutch residents it may need a staying permit. Proper accommodation must be granted for the non residents. Also for the non residents a work of permit is required.
The second step is to verify if the employee’s certificates are appropriate. A healthcare insurance must be provided for each employee.
An important step is applying for the International Office of the Dutch Tax and Customs Administration in order to pay the payroll taxes and in some cases VAT. VAT registration in Netherlands is a mandatory step in some cases. Our Dutch lawyers can provide more details about how to open a company in the Netherlands and the taxes to be paid.
From the Tax and Customs Administration, the employer must receive the tax and social insurance number for each hired person.
Most Dutch businesses are covered by the Collective Labor Agreement so it is necessary to check if the particular business complies with it.
After registering the business, the entrepreneur must meet the payroll tax obligation by filling payroll tax statement.This should be handled by a local registered accountant.
The employer must obey the rules regarding working period and the right of the holiday of the employees and also respect the fact that the employee has the right to the statutory minimum salary and a holiday indemnity.
Frequently asked questions related to starting a business in the Netherlands
Do I need a residence permit if I’m not a EU citizen? Yes, non-EU citizens (except the ones from EEA and Switzerland) will need a residence permit and a work permit for performing economic activities in the Netherlands.
Can I avoid double taxation as a foreign investor in the Netherlands? Yes, if your country of origin has signed a double tax treaty with Netherlands. Our company formation agents can offer you more details and help you with assistance related to taxation mattes in Holland.
Can I receive incentives for my business from the Dutch authorities? Yes, you can receive and you need to contact the Netherlands Foreign Investment Agency in order to find out details about them.
Can I receive a startup visa for entrepreneurs? Yes, it is possible, as the Dutch authorities offer a resident permit that is valid for one year for international entrepreneurs who want to start a business in the Netherlands, in certain conditions.
What are the main taxes I should pay if I have a business in the Netherlands? The main taxes for business owners are the following: VAT, income tax, payroll tax (if you have employees), corporation tax (for incorporated businesses).
How can the Trade Register help with company formation in the Netherlands?
Through its website, the Dutch Companies Register is a reliable source of information for those interested in company formation in the Netherlands. However, specialized guidance is usually required when choosing to:
- draft business plans in order to set up companies benefiting from special funding;
- choosing the legal structure which best suits the requirements and necessities of a businessperson;
- the licenses which need to be obtained when starting a business in this country (special licenses are issued by different authorities);
- financing options for companies can be found with the Dutch Companies Register.
With a vast knowledge in corporate legislation, our local consultants can guide foreign investors who want to open companies in
various industries in the Netherlands
Business information available in Dutch Trade Register
All Dutch companies and other organizations involved in economic transactions in the country are listed in the Companies Register. The following information is available for consultation with the Trade Register in Holland:
- the name and the registered address of a Dutch company or other business forms;
- the telephone and fax numbers and other correspondence details of companies;
- details about the company’s representatives, among which the company shareholders and directors and the number of employees.
Tax matters covered by the Dutch Company Law
One of the most important provisions of the Company Law in the Netherlands
covers aspects related to the taxation of companies
. According to it, Dutch companies are subject to the following taxes:
- the corporate income tax which is applied to the worldwide or locally registered profits of a company;
- the withholding tax on dividend payments which is applied to the distribution of dividends by Dutch companies;
- the capital contribution tax which is a levy paid by Dutch companies with share capital divided into shares;
- the real property transfer tax which is applies on the transfer of real estate or shares to another company;
- the value added tax which is an indirect tax, and which needs to be collected by Dutch companies.
The Dutch Company Law also provides for accounting documents, the financial statements and the audit requirements companies must comply with - infomation necessary for those interested in starting a business in the Netherlands.
The most appealing investment industries in the Netherlands
The Netherlands has a multitude of industries in which foreign investors can set up companies
under the same conditions imposed on local businesspersons. However, there are several economic sectors which attract foreign investors because they are hard to find in other countries. Among these:
- agriculture which has many branches, among which the most appreciated one is research and development and the creation of new agricultural products;
- the information technology industry which is made of several clusters, each with specific activities supported by the large number of international companies working here;
- floriculture – the Netherlands is the largest exporter of flowers and bulbs in the world;
- logistics which plays an important role in the trading, FMCG and transportation sectors;
– large quantities of products are manufactured in the Netherlands and take the roads of Europe;
- medical, pharmaceutical and biotechnology are some of the most important industries which combine innovation and tradition in the Netherlands.
The Netherlands is a very appealing country when it comes to the industries one can open companies in which is why if you are interested in starting a business in the Netherlands and need information on the regulations you need to comply with, our local advisors can guide you.
Why start a business in the Netherlands
The Netherlands offers many benefits to those interested in setting up businesses here, and our local consultants
will provide a brief presentation on the main reasons for opening a company
here. We specialize in offering company formation services in the Netherlands
for foreign investors to have a great experience before and after entering the market.
The first aspect to be considered when choosing to open a company in the Netherlands
is its location with great access to all means of transportation: air, water, and road. These means of transportation make the Netherlands perfect for any type of commercial activity.
Then, the business climate in the Netherlands is one of the most open in the world when it comes to foreign investors. Apart from benefiting from the same treatment as local entrepreneurs, foreigners will also be offered several incentives specifically targeted at them.
- a progressive corporate taxation system made of two rates of 20% and 25% based on the yearly income generated by a company;
- specific tax deductions for certain activities in fields like IT, research and development and agriculture;
- tax deductions for hiring foreign employees, among which the 30% advance tax ruling
is among the most appreciated ones;
- the possibility of remitting profits abroad based on specific double taxation agreements;
- no withholding taxes when remitting interests and royalties outside the Netherlands;
- the participation exemption under which foreign shareholders can benefit from exemptions from the corporate tax.
The Netherlands is currently one of the most advanced countries in the world from a technological point of view. Technology can be found in some of the most important economic fields like the financial and IT sectors, however, agriculture
also employs technology in the culture and development of new species of plants and flowers.
Innovation is at home in the Netherlands, mostly thanks to the partnerships between private and public companies which have led to the development of WestHolland
, an excellence center for innovation.
It is also worth mentioning that the Netherlands has one of the most transparent financial systems in Europe which is why a great number of investors from EU countries relocate their businesses here.
Economy overview in the Netherlands
choose to start a business in the Netherlands
due to the country’s stable industry and economy. The main industrial activity in the Netherlands
is the food industry. Millions of foreign traders came to open a business in the Netherlands
during the last decades, contributing to the economic growth of the country.
In order to understand why the Netherlands is
such an appealing country for foreign investors
, here are some numbers which provide for the important of foreign direct investments here:
- in 2018, the Netherlands has close to 400 foreign companies operating here;
- these companies injected no less than 2.85 billion euros in the local economy;
- the same companies created 10,000 new jobs in the Netherlands;
- since the creation of the NFIA in 2015, 1,402 established operations here and created 43, 000 jobs;
- NIFA attracted more than 8 billion euros between 2015 and 2018 to the local economy.
The corporate income tax rate in Holland is 20% for the first 200,000 EUR and 25% for taxable profits exceeding 200,000 EUR. There are also certain advantages in debt and loss structuring and a reduction of withholding taxes on dividends, interest and royalties.
The Netherlands also offers a special 30% ruling that applies to employees that have been recruited from abroad to work in Holland. This gives the employer a tax-free reimbursement of 30% of the foreign employee’s salary.
Almost one-third of the foreign investors decided to set up a company in the Netherlands in the private sector, mainly the manufacturing sector. However, the electrical machinery industry, as well as engineering products, chemicals, petroleum and construction are highly developed too. Nevertheless, the Netherlands is quite attractive for company formation due to its favorable relations with countries all over the world, especially Germany, Belgium, France, and UK
. Please contact us
for assistance in opening a business in the Netherlands.